What’s a sinking fund? This is a savings fund which you target for large purchases/expenses.
The sinking fund is separate from your emergency fund. Below are 10 applications for using a sinking fund.
Can you think of other applications?
It is still a great time to do this as mortgage rates continue to be at reasonable levels.
It is also a good opportunity for home owners who are upside down on their mortgages.
According to Yahoo Finance, “the revised Home Affordable Refinance Program, or HARP 2.0, allows refinances for homeowners who owe more than their homes are worth, regardless of how deeply underwater they are.”
More information on the HARP 2.0 Program can be found here: www.harpprogram.org.
Last year we took advantage of these low interest rates to refinance our mortgage and I am very glad we did it.
Of course, I only recommend taking on a mortgage for no longer than 15 years and only with a fixed interest rate.
So yes, it is a great time for refinancing your mortgage and here are 5 things to consider as you make this move:
Of course with the low interest rates, you can save a lot of money on interest and also pay off your mortgage earlier.
However, refinancing only makes financial sense if you intend to stay in the home long enough to recover the closing costs.
For example, let’s say you have a $200K mortgage at 4%. If you get a new mortgage at 3%, you would save $2,000 per year in interest.
If your closing costs are $4,000, you would need to stay in the home 2 years to recover your closing costs.
The first step any mortgage lender will take is to run a credit check.
Any negative or incorrect entries in your report could cause delays in your refinance process.
Take time to check it and take action to resolve any issues.
The mortgage lender will require a full credit report including your FICO scores. You will pay for the cost of this report.
The lender will also require an appraisal of your home. Costs for an appraisal can run between $300-500.
You will be expected to cover this cost as well before the refinance is processed.
Be prepared to share any home improvements you have made since you purchased the house with the appraiser.
The lender will also require certain information such as W2 statements for the last 2 years, bank statements for all of your accounts for the last 2 months, and payment stubs from your last 2 pay periods.
Be ready to provide these documents quickly to avoid any delays.
Mortgage lenders are dealing with a large volume of refinance requests due to the low rates.
Stay in contact with your lender to make sure they have all the documentation they need and that the refinance is progressing normally.
Just like with anything else that involves your money, you need to stay on top at all times.
Have you thought about refinancing your mortgage? What has been your experience? What other reminders would you add to the list?
There are several reasons why you might be thinking about taking that step:
Your family’s needs have outgrown your current home or you may need to relocate due to work or family reasons.
Or perhaps you are at a point in your life where you want to go down in size and simplify your home maintenance.
In a previous blog post I discussed the 3 questions you must answer to determine if you are ready to buy a home.
Today I want to look at the 3 keys to success when you decide it is time to sell your house: information gathering, getting the house ready, and being patient with the process.
One of the first things you should do is to get professional help in the form of a real estate agent.
You want to work with a person that you can trust, that knows your area well, and that will give you objective information about the prospects of selling your home.
When we decided to move from Round Rock, TX to Frisco, TX almost 6 years ago, we met with an agent and this is what we discussed:
At that time, we had owned the house for about 14 years. We asked the agent to do a walk through of the house and make recommendations on what we needed to do.
You want to make the house appealing to potential buyers. You have to put yourself in the mindset of a buyer.
Here are some examples of the actions he recommended:
Remember, this list of recommendations will be specific to your home and your situation. You will have to decide what makes sense to you.
This is what it is normally referred to as “comps”. You need to have an idea of what homes are selling for in your area at this time.
This will greatly inform you when it is time to put a sale price for your home. You want this price to be realistic with what the market dictates.
The market will tell you the truth about the worth of your home in spite of what you think the home is really worth.
This is what is normally referred to as the “DOM” metric. It will tell you on average how long it is taking for homes to sell in your area.
This will give you an idea of how long the sale process might be in your case. Remember that no matter what the national or even state news might say, real estate is a local proposition.
The sale of your home has more to do with local factors than with any national numbers in the real estate market.
This was of course the fun part. Once we decided to sell our home and were armed with information, it was time to create a plan for the required renovations.
Now you know me. I am a Project Manager by trade and a natural nerd. So I created a simple spreadsheet for a budget and a timeline for the projects we had to complete before putting our home on the market.
First we had to decide on our budget for the required renovations. You know we don’t borrow money, so we had to assign a total amount for the renovation consistent with our savings.
We also had to decide on which projects we wanted to do ourselves and for which projects we wanted to use professionals.
For example the painting and carpet replacement we outsourced. Cleaning and minor repairs/replacements we did ourselves.
In terms of the timeline, we discussed with some of our providers what order made sense. We put down the new carpet down first and then we had the house painted (it makes sense, trust me).
Once we selected the timeline and budget for our projects, we were able to target a date for putting the house on the market.
And then it was time for doing the work. It was a lot of work and lot of items to manage but we were extremely pleased with the results.
We even got to enjoy some of those changes for a while. The lesson is that home renovations should be an ongoing task consistent with your budget and needs.
It is definitely easier and more cost effective to renovate as you live in the house vs. doing it all at once. Again, lesson learned!
This is both very important but also very difficult.
Hopefully you are not in a situation where you have to sell your house due to a financial hardship or other critical situation.
When you are in a “must sell” situation you make different decisions because the main driver is how quick you need to sell the house.
But in a situation where you can afford to wait, patience is your best friend. When we decided to sell our home, the main driver was being closer to family.
In our case, we did not need to sell our home so we could afford to wait for the best possible offer and then make the move.
Remember also, that once you put the home on the market, you will need to keep it ready for visits from prospective buyers at all times.
Your real estate agent might give you a call at any time saying he has someone that wants to look at the house within the hour. Sometimes, you will even have less time than that.
Get yourself in a position where you can do that with minimal disruptions, but expect the disruptions. You will need to be patient, because this will happen multiple times.
Finally, do not get frustrated with how long the process is taking or how many views the house has seen. If you picked a good real estate agent, trust his process to market your home. He is your ally.
In our case we had less than 5 home visits but we sold our house in 30 days (to a cash buyer!).
In the end, thanks to information gathering, a careful plan to get the house ready, and patience with the process we achieved our goals.
What other keys to success have you found in the process of selling a house?
No, I am not crazy. But I do believe that we all have “voices in our head” that influence our path of action in any area of our lives.
Sometimes there is a voice speaks from our childhood, what we heard from parents or teachers about what we could do or should do.
Perhaps the voice of a spouse or a significant other who can either help to build up or tear down our self-worth.
Or it could be the voice of a supervisor which influences what we think about ourselves and our value in the market place.
When it comes to managing money, we also have many voices in our head.
The voices of the news shows which speak to the current state of the economy and whether or not the American Dream is still alive.
Or the voice of the politician who thinks government is the answer to all of our economic problems.
Or the voice of a friend or relative which believes winning with money is just a dream and that you are better off by playing the lottery and hoping to win it.
After all, someone has to win. Right?
In terms of how you and I can be successful in managing money, it only matters what we believe is true about our particular situation.
It is not about what the media thinks, what politicians think, or even what your relatives and friends think. Neither one of them pays your bills.
Neither one of them is in charge of your economy. You are in charge.
Even the advice you receive by reading this blog matters very little if you don’t take action on it.
It only matters what you believe to be true, because your success is ultimately determined by what you believe.
So, ask yourself these questions and consider your answers:
How are you doing so far?
In the end, it is all about what you believe. Your beliefs will determine your actions.
So, what are the voices in your head saying about managing money?
“Finally, brethren, whatever is true, whatever is honorable, whatever is right, whatever is pure, whatever is lovely, whatever is of good repute, if there is any excellence and if anything worthy of praise, dwell on these things.”
Philippians 4:8 (NASB)